Installing Composer, Drush, and Drupal¶
The manual installation documentation is in need of attention. We are aware that some components no longer work as documented here. If you are interested in helping us improve the documentation, please see Contributing.
In this section, we will install:¶
- Composer at its current latest version, the package manager that will allow us to install PHP applications
- Either the Islandora Starter Site, or the Drupal recommended-project, which will install, among other things:
Download and install Composer 2.x¶
Composer provides PHP code that we can use to install it. After downloading and running the installer, we’re going to move the generated executable to a place in
$PATH, removing its extension:
Download and Scaffold Drupal¶
At this point, you have the option of using the Islandora Starter Site, with its pre-selected modules and configurations which function "out of the box," or build a clean stock Drupal via the Drupal Recommended Project and install Islandora modules as you desire.
Option 1: Create a project using the Islandora Starter Site¶
Navigate to the folder where you want to put your Islandora project (in our case
create the Islandora Starter Site:
This will install all PHP dependencies, including Drush, and scaffold the site.
Drush is not accessible via
$PATH, but is available using the command
composer exec -- drush
Option 2: Create a basic Drupal Recommended Project¶
Navigate to the folder where you want to put your Drupal project (in our case
create the Drupal Recommended Project:
Make the new webroot accessible in Apache¶
Before we can proceed with the actual site installation, we’re going to need to make our new Drupal installation the default web-accessible location Apache serves up. This will include an appropriate
ports.conf file, and replacing the default enabled site.
Out of the box, these files will contain support for SSL, which we will not be setting up in this guide (and therefore removing with these overwritten configurations), but which are absolutely indispensable to a production site. This guide does not recommend any particular SSL certificate authority or installation method, but you may find DigitalOcean's tutorial helpful.
/etc/apache2/ports.conf | root:root/644
Remove everything but the "Listen 80" line. You can leave the comments in if you want.
/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf | root:root/777
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName SERVER_NAME DocumentRoot "/opt/drupal/web" <Directory "/opt/drupal/web"> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews AllowOverride all Require all granted </Directory> # Ensure some logging is in place. ErrorLog "/var/log/apache2/localhost_error.log" CustomLog "/var/log/apache2/localhost_access.log" combined </VirtualHost>
localhost- For a development environment hosted on your own machine or a VM,
localhostshould suffice. Realistically, this should be the domain or IP address the server will be accessed at.
Restart the Apache 2 service to apply these changes:
Prepare the PostgreSQL database¶
PostgreSQL roles are directly tied to users. We’re going to ensure a user is in place, create a role for them in PostgreSQL, and create a database for them that we can use to install Drupal.
# Run psql as the postgres user, the only user currently with any PostgreSQL # access. sudo -u postgres psql # Then, run these commands within psql itself: create database DRUPAL_DB encoding 'UTF8' LC_COLLATE = 'en_US.UTF-8' LC_CTYPE = 'en_US.UTF-8' TEMPLATE template0; create user DRUPAL_DB_USER with encrypted password 'DRUPAL_DB_PASSWORD'; grant all privileges on database DRUPAL_DB to DRUPAL_DB_USER; # Then, quit psql. \q
drupal9- This will be used as the core database that Drupal is installed into -
drupal- Specifically, this is the user that will connect to the PostgreSQL database being created, not the user that will be logging into Drupal -
drupal- This should be a secure password; it’s recommended to use a password generator to create this such as the one provided by random.org
Install Drupal using Drush¶
The Drupal installation process can be done through the GUI in a series of form steps, or can be done quickly using Drush's
site-install command. It can be invoked with the full list of parameters (such as
--site-name), but if parameters are missing, they will be asked of you interactively.
Option 1: Site install the Starter Site with existing configs¶
Follow the instructions in the README of the Islandora Starter Site. The steps are not reproduced here to remove redundancy. When this installation is done, you'll have a starter site ready-to-go. Once you set up the external services in the next sections, you'll need to configure Drupal to know where they are.
Option 2: Site install the basic Drupal Recommended Project¶
SITE_NAME: Islandora 2.0
- This is arbitrary, and is simply used to title the site on the home page
- The Drupal administrative username to use
- The password to use for the Drupal administrative user
Congratulations, you have a Drupal site! It currently isn’t really configured to do anything, but we’ll get those portions set up in the coming sections.